Figure step one gift suggestions the sort of alcoholic drink prominent predicated on sex and many years

Figure step one gift suggestions the sort of alcoholic drink prominent predicated on sex and many years

Supine blood pressure level (BP) is counted regarding best sleeve using a handbook mercury sphygmomanometer, just after a beneficial ten-minute resting months. The initial in addition to fifth Korotkoff stages were utilized to help you determine systolic BP (SBP) and you can diastolic BP (DBP), respectively. The suggest out-of three dimensions is thought to be the fresh new BP value. PP try recognized as the difference between SBP and you can DBP. Sides width (WC) try measured playing with a keen inelastic tape set midway within straight down ribs and iliac crests on the middle-axillary line. Practical physical variables (enzymatic means, automat HITACHI 917 (Roche, Meylan, France); colorimetric opportinity for albumin serving and you will hematology: ABX, Pentra 120, Meylan, France) had been mentioned not as much as smooth requirements; high-thickness lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) are counted from the head enzymatic assay which have cyclodextrin (Roche Diagnostics, Basel, Switzerland). An asleep electrocardiogram is actually submitted. Respiratory mode was reviewed by the spirometry from the calculating pushed expiratory volume (FEV1). Cigarette use (never tobacco user, ex-cigarette smoker and you can most recent cigarette smoker), exercise (typical physical exercise: sure or no), individual medical background, newest pills and you may alcohol consumption, social status and you will work-related pastime had been examined playing with a self-applied questionnaire. Be concerned and despair ratings was indeed reviewed by the verified forms (Beck ainsi que al., 1974; Cohen ainsi que al., 1983); Exposed Fitness Standing (SHS) ratings were amassed which have a home-estimate towards the a scale ranging from 0 and you may ten. Alcoholic beverages intake is quantified because amount of standard cups of liquor (10 grams each mug) ate a day. Every type regarding alcoholic drink (such as cider and alcohol, wine, appetizer) try filed. Full alcoholic drinks consumption was computed just like the sum of all sorts from alcoholic drinks ate and involved number (given that grams out-of alcohol) try projected Servicio de citas cougar. Every logical and you may physical parameters have been examined on a single date of examination.

The brand new IPC Cardio received agreement regarding Federal Committee of data and you may Municipal Independence in order to carry out this type of analyses. All sufferers provided the informed concur in the course of this new test.

Statistical data

Alcoholic beverages is put into five classes : (1) zero alcohol based drinks, (2) low alcoholic beverages (lower than one to mug every single day), (3) moderate alcoholic beverages (ranging from one and around three servings a day), (4) high alcohol based drinks (more about three glasses) and you may (5) sufferers who in the past consumed liquor but just who not did (previous drinkers). Thanks to brand new heterogeneity about gang of previous drinkers (go out elapsed given that cessation out of alcohol consumption, cause of which cessation, etc.), research contained in this classification was basically examined by themselves.

For quantitative variables, the four first groups were compared by multivariate model analysis, which included age to take into account the difference in age observed between the different groups; respiratory function (FEV1) was compared across the groups before and after further adjustment for tobacco status. For qualitative variables, comparisons were made using the ? 2 test. As one may hypothesize that the relationships between alcohol and health and social status are not identical in males and females, we analyzed these relationships on the basis of stratification by gender. All parameters associated with alcohol consumption in univariate analysis were included in a multivariate model. Forward regression analysis was carried out and all variables remaining in the model were significant with P<0.05. All statistical analyses were performed using the SAS statistical software (version 8.02; SAS Institute, Cary, NC, USA).


Data collected from a total of 149 773 subjects (97 406 men and 52 367 women) were analyzed. The average ages of men and women were 47.6±15 and 47.0±12 years, respectively. In this population, 13.7% of men and 23.9% of women were abstinent (4.5% former drinkers and 9.2% never drinkers in men; 20.1% never drinkers and 3.1% former drinkers in women). Total alcohol intake increased with age both in men and in women. With the exception of the subgroup of young subjects (<30 years of age), alcoholic beverages mainly consisted of wine. In addition, wine consumption increased with age, whereas those of beer and appetizers decreased (P<0.0001).